What is the difference between UPS and inverter?

Update:2020-06-23
Abstract:

The inverter is a DC to AC transformer, which is actual […]

The inverter is a DC to AC transformer, which is actually a voltage inversion process with the converter.
The converter converts the AC voltage of the power grid into a stable 12V DC output, while the inverter converts the 12V DC voltage output by the Adapter into high-frequency high-voltage AC; both parts also use more pulse width Modulation (PWM) technology. The core part is a PWM integrated controller, Adapter uses UC3842, and inverter uses TL5001 chip. The working voltage range of TL5001 is 3.6~40V. There is an error amplifier inside, a regulator, oscillator, PWM generator with dead zone control, low voltage protection circuit and short circuit protection circuit.
Input interface part: The input part has 3 signals, 12V DC input VIN, working enable voltage ENB and Panel current control signal DIM. VIN is provided by the Adapter, the ENB voltage is provided by the MCU on the motherboard, and its value is 0 or 3V. When ENB=0, the inverter does not work, and when ENB=3V, the inverter is in normal working state; and DIM voltage Provided by the main board, whose variation range is between 0 and 5V. Different DIM values ​​are fed back to the feedback terminal of the PWM controller. The current provided by the inverter to the load will also be different. The smaller the DIM value, the output current of the inverter The bigger.

Voltage start circuit: When ENB is high level, output high voltage to light the backlight lamp of Panel.
PWM controller: It consists of the following functions: internal reference voltage, error amplifier, oscillator and PWM, overvoltage protection, undervoltage protection, short circuit protection, output transistor.
DC conversion: a voltage conversion circuit is composed of a MOS switch tube and an energy storage inductor. The input pulse is amplified by a push-pull amplifier to drive the MOS tube to perform a switching action, so that the DC voltage charges and discharges the inductor, so that the other end of the inductor can get AC Voltage.
LC oscillation and output circuit: to ensure the 1600V voltage required for the lamp to start, and to reduce the voltage to 800V after the lamp is started.
Output voltage feedback: When the load is working, the sampling voltage is fed back to stabilize the voltage output of the I inverter.